TGestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which can occur to someone only during pregnancy. It can happen to anyone with high blood glucose, irrespective of the fact that they never had diabetes before pregnancy. But this does not mean that one cannot deliver a healthy baby. With proper consultation with the gynecologist, it is possible to manage the level of blood sugar. Usually, with gestational diabetes, the mother tends to develop type2 diabetes but once the baby is born, not necessarily you will continue to have diabetes.
It is always a good idea to have knowledge regarding such health issues. One can go through websites like www.checkpregnancy.com to learn about gestational diabetes.
During pregnancy, as the baby grows, it is supported by the hormones from the placenta. But it causes blockage of the insulin of the mother's body. This is termed as insulin resistance due to which it becomes difficult for the mother's body from using insulin and as a result the mother suffers from gestational diabetes as there is a crisis of insulin which is required for pregnancy. For the glucose to convert into energy, it needs enough insulin.
There are some factors that can be responsible for causing gestational diabetes. They are the following:
If a mother was already overweight, way before getting pregnant, then there are high chances to get gestational diabetes.
People who are Asian, African American, Native American or Hispanic also tend to develop this type of diabetes.
If you have a high level of blood sugar, you will tend to have gestational diabetes. You may inherit diabetes in case if it runs in the family and your immediate family members are already diabetic.
If you have a high level of blood sugar, you will tend to have gestational diabetes.You may inherit diabetes in case if it runs in the family and your immediate family members are already diabetic. If this is the second time you are pregnant and you already have a history of gestational diabetes while you had your first child, then there is a high probability for it to occur again.
Procedure For Diagnosis
Usually, between the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy, the gynecologist conducts tests to check and verify if the patient is suffering from gestational diabetes. For such test, the patient is asked to drink a sugary liquid for raising the levels of blood sugar. And then, after an hour, a blood sample will be taken from the patient for a blood test so that it checks the response of the body to all that sugar. In case, if the blood sugar is higher, then some additional tests will be done which may comprise of a test done on empty stomach and glucose test which will be elaborate one and it can be time taking.
You might have a risk of getting gestational diabetes although your results show normal blood sugar level if any of the factors causing such diabetes are valid in your case. In such cases, the doctor asks you to go for a test again in the later part of your pregnancy to ensure that you are still free from diabetes.
But in case, if you are unfortunately diagnosed with gestational diabetes, then you will have to get started with your treatment as soon as possible. You will be asked to keep a track of your blood sugar levels more than 5 times within a day. Also, you might have to keep doing urine tests for detecting ketones which will imply that your diabetes is out of control. As per your doctor’s instruction, you will have to follow a healthy diet. In such cases, exercise is must and it is better to grow a habit of working out. Your weight gain will be monitored by your doctor and accordingly, you will be prescribed to take medicines and insulin for yellow discharge gestational diabetes.
Effect On Baby
It is very obvious to be concerned about how the baby will be affected because of the mother’s diabetes. In such cases, the mother gets affected in the later phase of pregnancy and by then the body of the baby is already formed and it continues to grow. Hence, not necessarily there will be any defect when the baby is born. But yes, if the gestational diabetes is not treated well then there are chances for the baby to get hurt. Such babies have chances to suffer from obesity because of the excess insulin. Thus, it is better not to ignore if a person is detected with such diabetes.